Tor is a free software which provide anonymous communication across the internet. Tor browser or onion browser was developed by a not-for-profit organization (The Tor Project). Well, Tor-Project created this browser for the people who wanted to avoid internet tracking and surveillance. But today, the software has become more popular for its use in cyber-crime. In this post, we are going to share some of the key point to understand what it Tor Browser Bundle and how should you use it for better privacy.
What is Tor Browser or Onion Browser?
Well, to understand Tor browser you need to understand the history behind its development. TorProject concept came into the world after development of Onion Router which was developed in mid 90s to provide anonymous communication using Onion Routing. Onion routing is a technique to provide anonymous communication over a computer network. In onion browser, the messages are encapsulated in different layers of encryption which is analogous to onion.
The goal behind tor browser development was to help people stay anonymously online and avoid internet tracking. We all aware about internet companies which track people’s online activity and then they pass it to other private company and organisation for their profit and research purpose. In such cases, Tor Browser help people from being tracked by continuously pinging users IP address across the globe. Hence, tracking precise location is not possible. The onion browser has now become a main weapon in Deep Web and Dark Web. Dark Web is the black part of World Wide Web whose contents aren’t indexed by search engines like Google, Bing or Yahoo etc. The content on Dark Web is only accessible by specific software, like Tor Browser Bundle. Because, the website which are hosted in Dark Web are onion websites and they can only be accessed by using Onion Browser (Tor).
How Does Tor Browser Work?
So, now you have idea about what is TorBrowser and why it is popular among users. Now you may wonder, how does it actually work? Well, to properly understand its functioning, you need to have idea about onion routing and communication. Onion routing encrypts your location and bounces it across the globe so that your precise location is not traceable. Also, you can use TorBrowser to bypass censorship in your country and access blocked websites using Tor. You can follow the below steps to get Tor browser working in your computer/smartphone.
- First of all, you need to download and install Tor browser Bundle from its website. Tor Browser is available for Windows Computer, Apple OS X, Linux and Android.
- After installing, launch it and it will ask to Connect or Configure (if TorBrowser is censored in your country.)
- You can also configure security settings later from drop-down menu. Make sure you have properly configured security for more anonymity.
- You need to disable Scripts, Plugins as these can track you location.
Why Do I Should Use Tor?
Tor Browser primarily works to keep you anonymous in the internet world. It will ensure your security and privacy over the internet. If you don’t mind sharing you internet activity with some private companies and government agencies then you can use regular web browsers. Along with protecting the privacy, TorBrowser is also used by people who want to retain their security, such as Journalists and Activists in the country. You can freely talk about your opinion over the internet. You can also talk about the topics which your government has banned and doesn’t give right to voice your opinion. In such cases, Tor Browser is really helpful to use.
Is Tor Illegal?
However, TorBundle is not illegal but it is being used in illegal activities. TorProject invention was a good cause development. Its main motto is to protect your privacy online. Unfortunately, the onion browser is number one weapon in cybercrime. Criminals are using this browser for illegal activities such as Sharing malwares, drugs trading, sharing child pornography, sensitive information about people. Although, such things are happening in the dark web which is regretful but this was never the intention behind its creation.
Do You Want TorBrowser to Really Work? Read this..
If you really want to use TorOnion Browser for your good then you need to take care of a few things otherwise you may end up putting yourself in some kind of trouble.
Your Complete Internet isn’t Secure:
Please keep in mind that by using Tor, you cannot secure you computer’s all internet traffic. Tor Browoser only provide anonymity to the internet and application which is routed through TorBrowser. Outside this Onion Browser, everything else will be trackable. And you should never configure it according to your other browsers.
Do Not Enable or Install Plugins in Browser:
The browser will automatically block all plugins such as RealPlayer, Flash etc. These plugins can manipulate your browser and try to reveal your IP address. Also, do not use this browser in full screen as it can monitor your computer’s screen size. We do not even recommend you to install any kind of plugins or addons to your browser.
Never Torrent with Tor Browser:
All the torrent file sharing application ignore proxy settings to make direct connection with your computer. We don’t recommend you torrent over TorNetwork. If you think Tor Browser will guarantee privacy in case to Torrent then its not possible. You may even download torrent file from browser but when downloading and seeding start in your computer, you will end up sending you IP address in the trackers GET request. Not only this, you will also slow down entire TorNetwork for everyone else.
Prefer HTTPS version of Websites:
Although, TorBrowser will protect your identity and send you to the websites you want to go. But the browser cannot guarantee what kind of websites you may visit. So, always make sure you visit websites with HTTPS. This is applicable to every browser including onion browser. For your privacy, Tor Browser automatically forces all websites to force use of HTTPS everywhere. But you should avoid opening Google or checking your email on Tor Browser.
Never Open Documents Downloaded When You’re Online:
You will get warning before you try to open any downloaded content from Tor Browser Bundle. Always be careful with what you have downloaded from the internet. PDF viewer is already there into TorBrowser, so make sure you are opening DOC or PDF file in the browser itself. If the content ask you to open in external application then it may reveal your identity while opening and downloading files on your computer. It’s a good idea to use Virtual Machine computer or disconnect your computer from internet before accessing such files.
Extra Protection with TorBrowser & VPN
Although, TorBrowser provide you anonymity over the internet. But, it’s still not foolproof and you need to take care of many things. VPN allows you to spoof you actual geolocation and connect you to the internet over a virtual geographical location. VPN is much faster than Tor browser and can be a good alternative. But the VPN providers may even track your actual location and pass the information to other organizations. VPN may seems beneficial and fast but it isn’t as secure as Tor Browser Bundle. That’s why, many people prefer only Tor Browser Bundle over VPN. But, using both altogether can be a great way of protecting your identity over the internet.
There are following two ways in which you can use VPN-TorBrwoser combination to connect with a network:
- VPN-Through-TorBrowser: In this method, you will first connect with onion browser (Tor Browser Bundle) and then you will connect to VPN. In this case, you will not reveal your real IP address to your VPN provider.
- TorBrwoser-Through-VPN: In this method, you need to first connect to VPN and the to Tor-Network. Now, with this method, you can prevent your ISP (internet service provider) to see you’re using TorBrowser and TorNetwork will not be able to see your real IP. But, your VPN provider can see your actual IP.
Tor Browser Bundle is really a great invention by Tor-Project to provide an onion browser for anonymously using internet. Although, many people use this browser in good and bad works both but that’s all depends on the people how they want to use resources. There are a few things that you need to take care about before using Tor. So make sure, you collect all necessary information before installing TorBrowser to your computer. If you face any issue with connecting VPN & Tor Browser Bundle together then feel free to contact us. Also, if you like our work then share it among your circle and help us grow.